Black fungus cultivation technology: media, cultivation conditions, pest control, harvesting and pro
Black fungus is a common edible fungus that is popular worldwide due to its unique taste and nutritional value. In the past few decades, the cultivation technology of black fungus has made great progress.
First of all, the cultivation of black fungus requires the selection of a suitable medium. Traditionally, black fungus is grown on wood, so wood is a commonly used medium. Common woods include elm, birch, and maple. In recent years, due to the consideration of factors such as environmental protection and cost, pulp culture medium has also received more and more attention. Pulp medium has the advantages of low cost, environmental friendliness, and regeneration.
Secondly, the cultivation of black fungus needs to control the appropriate cultivation conditions. The most suitable temperature for the growth of black fungus is between 20-25°C, and the humidity needs to be kept at about 80-90%. The light needs to be controlled between 1000-2000lux, too much or too little light will affect the growth of black fungus.
Third, the cultivation of black fungus also requires the prevention and treatment of pests and diseases. Common diseases include powdery mildew and black spot. Powdery mildew is caused by powdery mildew and manifests as mycelium turning white, stunted growth or even death. Methods to prevent and control powdery mildew include increasing ventilation, reducing humidity, and using highly effective antibacterial agents. Black disease is caused by fungi and manifests as blackening of the mycelium, growth retardation or even death. The methods of preventing and treating black disease include increasing ventilation, reducing humidity, and using highly effective antibacterial agents.
Harvesting is an important part of black fungus cultivation. Black fungus is generally harvested after 30-40 days of growth. When harvesting, the mycelium should be cut off first, and then wiped clean with a damp cloth. Finally, it is packaged after drying.
Finally, black fungus processing is also an important link. Common processing methods include drying, drying, drying and so on. Drying is to reduce the moisture content of black fungus to less than 10%, so that it can be preserved for a long time. Drying is to place the black fungus in an environment of 40-60°C to reduce the moisture content to below 20%. Drying is to place the black fungus in an environment of 100-150°C to reduce the moisture content to below 5%.
In short, the cultivation technology of black fungus is a complex knowledge, which requires in-depth understanding and mastery of culture medium, cultivation conditions, pest control, harvesting and processing. In the actual cultivation process, it is necessary to make flexible adjustments according to the actual situation, and only after continuous exploration and practice can we obtain high-quality and high-yield black fungus.